Le Mas Breton
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Le Mas Breton
Le Pompidou

Le Mas Breton

Architecture and village
Forest
History and culture
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From mills to béals, from chestnut trees to holm-oaks, this valley has the authentic, Mediterranean and slate atmosphere of the southern Cévennes.

This path reveals several aspects of life in the Cévenol valleys in the old days. The traces of humans adapting to this terrain can be seen in mills, terraced cropland (bancels) and irrigation channels (béals). The path goes through chestnut groves and holm-oak forests, which are the emblematic vegetation of this part of the Cévennes.


3 points of interest
Agriculture

Terraced cropland

Above the road, you can see ten or so crop terraces (bancels), built in a small valley between two rocky spurs. Until 1962, these sheltered terraces were still planted with potatoes and vegetables. In this area, it took human ingenuity to build small walls in the tiniest hollow so as to accumulate and retain soil in which to grow food to live on. Often, soil was brought up from the valley bottom in baskets to improve these terraces. In the valleys, it was retained by purpose-built dams, so-called tancats. (P. Grime)

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History

The mills

In 1809, there were 1,268 mills in Lozère, about one for every 100 inhabitants. These mills stopped work in the late 19th or early 20th century. There were wheat mills, but also oil mills. Nowadays, the ruined mills are very often partially hidden by lush vegetation, which includes alders (easy to identify by their red roots, which like to soak in the river). (P. Grime)

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Flora

The forests

It is worth noting the difference in exposure, and therefore in vegetation, of the two slopes. The side of Le Masaout faces north, is less steep and has been planted with sweet chestnuts, which prefer deep, well-drained soil. The slope climbed by the path is steep and south-facing, and up to a certain altitude is thus better suited to holm oak, a variety that likes dry environments and contents itself with poor soils. The oaks can be found growing quite high up this slope, while the chestnuts grow in the small valleys, where a less shallow layer of soil has accumulated. (P. Grime)

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Description

Follow the D 62 towards Le Pompidou for about 750 m, and, just before La Roquette, take the first path on the left, which goes downhill to La Coste. Then follow the road that goes downhill on the right. After the bridge, take a path on the left and follow the brook to the bridge below Le Masaout. From a waterfall, follow another béal, which goes through zones of sparser vegetation where you may spot a few abandoned vines, to reach the edge of the pond and mill at Le Masaout. Do not cross the bridge, but take the path that goes uphill continuing your current path. At the crossroads, continue straight ahead (ignoring a track on the right that goes to Molezon Romanesque church, 500 m away) to reach Le Mas Breton. Pass below the hamlet and continue onto the track, which has a hairpin bend. Shortly after this bend, take a path going uphill on the left to La Coste, where you will join up with the road leading to your parking spot.

Departure : D 62, between Le Pompidou and Barre-des-Cévennes, 2.5km from Le Pompidou
Arrival : D 62, between Le Pompidou and Barre-des-Cévennes, 2.5km from Le Pompidou
Towns crossed : Le Pompidou, Molezon

Altimetric profile


Recommandations

Make sure your equipment is appropriate for the day's weather conditions. Remember that the weather changes quickly in the mountains. Take enough water, wear good shoes and put on a hat. Please close all gates and barriers after yourself.

Is in the midst of the park
The national park is an unrestricted natural area but subjected to regulations which must be known by all visitors.

Information desks

Information center Le Pompidou

La poste, 48400 Le Pompidou

cipnc@orange.fr

04 66 60 31 26

This centre is part of the National Park's associated tourist-information network, whose mission is to provide information on, and raise awareness of, the sites and events as well as the rules that must be observed in the National Park's central zone. :
Open year-round

Find out more

Access and parking

D 62, on the ridge between Le Pompidou and Barre-des-Cévennes, 2.5 km from Le Pompidou (point 784)

Parking :

Parking possible on the verge of the D 62

Source

CC de la Cévennes des Hauts gardons
Parc national des Cévenneshttp://www.cevennes-parcnational.fr/

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